Arachis hypogaea, is an herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae grown for its oil and edible nuts.
Peanut plants are small, usually erect, thin stemmed plants with feather-like leaves. The leaves are arranged in alternate pairs and have leaf-like attachments near the stalk.
The peanut plant produces yellow, orange, cream or white flowers which produce ‘pegs’, characteristic floral structures which sink into the ground to grow the pod.
The pods can reach up to 10 cm (4 in) in length and can contain between 1 and 5 seeds.
The peanut plant can reach 0.6 m (2 ft) in height depending on the variety and as an annual plant, survives only one growing season.
Peanut may also be referred to as groundnut, monkeynut or earth nut and originates from South America.